Thursday, February 28, 2013

Mount Nyiragongo

Nyiragongo is an active stratovolcano located on the border between the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda. The volcano is associated with the Albertine rift- the rift splitting the Somalian plate away from the rest of the African plate. The geology of the area comprises of mountains made of uplifted pre-Cambrian basement, overlaid by more recent volcanic activity. 

The summit is 1.2km is diameter and contains the worlds most active lava lake. The lava lake is known for its extremely fluid lava, which has often been said to "run like water" when the lake drains. In 2002 the lava lake drained from fissures located on the western flanks of the volcano. This destroyed the central part of the closest town; Goma.


Image: Carsten Peter

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